Lunda Norte

Lunda-Norte

Lunda-Norte is a province of Angola. It has an area of ​​103,760 square kilometers and its population of approximately 253,893 inhabitants. Its capital is Dundo. It consists of 9 municipalities: Cambulo, Capenda, Camulemba, Caungula, Chitato, Cango, Cuilo, Dundo, Lubalo, Lucapa and Shah-Muteba. The municipalities are divided into 25 communes.


History

In the past it was probably populated by pygmy people, who in the current days are geared more to the north. These inhabitants were displaced for several tribosbantus in their migration south, occupied the whole of Angola.

As the Bantu were moving away from each other, new dialects began to emerge, initiating new tribes.

The region between the Lunda-Norte and Lunda-Sul, as well as part of the Democratic Republic of Congo was known as Lunda empire in the region live various tribes, the most famous of the Cokwe. The province of Lunda-Norte was established initially with the aim of diamond production, it is part of ancient North and Northeast regions of Lunda. The established capital was the city of Lucapa and a new capital would be built in Mulepi region, but after the death of former president Agostinho Neto this project was abandoned.

The first diamonds in Angola were registered in 1912, after two geologists from Forminière company found 7 diamonds on the river Mussalala. In the same year it was formed the Society of Mining Research Angola, where the first mining operations were located through the Chicapa river and also its tributaries.

In October 1917, he created the Diamang.

In 1971, diamond production reached its record with a sum of 2,413,021 carats. A few years later, on July 4, 1978, the province of Lunda-Norte was officially established by the Angolan government. In January of 1981, Endiama company was established, which replaced the Diamang in 1988. In 1997, the provincial capital that became the Dundo, because it has a better administrative structure that the city of Lucapa .


Economy

The Lunda-Norte has a large mining industry, with the mining of diamonds and gold. In the animal sector, the province has a strong livestock. The construction is also a strong branch in the region, at present, are building a new city in the region called New Dundo.


Education

Sector felt a strong effect of the war, much of its structure (schools, universities), have been destroyed. With this, the number of schools in the region is still small relative to the number of inhabitants. There is a government effort to try to regain or build schools and universities in the region. The region has a technical school called Polytechnic Institute August 28 Dundo and University, both are in the capital, Dundo.

According to the Ministry of Lunda-Norte Territory Administration the current situation in the region is a large number of children still out of school (28,000), the number of rooms is insufficient for the demand, the quantity and quality of teachers is still insufficient, causing a drop in quality of education in the region, finally, most of the working population has very low education level also need to return to school to retrieve schooling.


Geography

The capital, Dundo, is 1510km of Luanda, the climate of the province is characterized for being humid tropical, with an average temperature of 27 ° C per year and the rainfall can be up to torrential. The average rainfall is 1,400 mm, and the maximum amount is 1,500 mm and the minimum 1,200 mm.

Initially the capital was the city of Lucapa, but in 2000 the capital of the province that became the Dundo, as the city has a greater architectural design, size and economic importance. A few kilometers from Dundo is being built a new capital, under the name New Dundo, end forecast of its construction is the end of the year 2012.

The province has relative to sea level height is 1400m to 700m, and 1000m indoors and 800m border, in places like the northeast of the province (where are located the sources of Kuango Kassai rivers and the altitude can reach up to 1400m. From the northeast to the southeast altitude can decrease up to 700m.

There is a lot of large mammals, birds, reptiles and fish, and in the province.

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The Angolan Consulate Office in Houston covers nine US States, stretching from Southeastern through Southwestern United States, namely, Alabama, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Novo Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas.

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