Huambo is a province of Angola. It has area 35,771 km² and a population of approximately 2,301,524 inhabitants of predominantly ethnic umbundo. Its capital is the city of Huambo, which is far from Luanda by 600 km.
His eleven municipalities are: Huambo, Bailundo, Ekunha, Caala, Catchiungo (former Bela Vista), londuimbali, Longonjo, Mungo, tchicala tcholoanga (former Vila Nova), Tchindjenje eUcuma (former Cuma).
It is bordered by the provinces of Kwanza-Sul (North), Bié (East), Huila (south) and Benguela (West).
Essentially aimed at the area of mineral extraction and livestock, which represents 76% of economic activity in the province, while the industrial area still trying to recover after the Civil War.
The main agricultural and livestock productions are: citrus, potatoes, sweet potatoes, rice, beans, wheat, vegetables of every kind, cattle, horses, goats, pigs and sheep.
In the mining area are: manganese, diamond, tungsten, iron, gold, silver, copper, uranium, among others.
Huambo features Metalworking industry, Chemistry, Building Materials, Textile, Clothing, Leather and Footwear, Food, beverages and tobacco, wood and furniture. But all areas are not working to full capacity. The province struggle to regain the second largest industrial park in the country if all its industrial capacity once again be used as it was in the past.
The highest altitude of the province (and the country) is located in Morro Moco, with over two thousand meters high, and this area radiate numerous rivers and streams towards the coast and neighboring countries.
Through it passes the extensive railway Benguela (CFB), from the coast (Lobito) and going to the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. Before national independence, this was the preferred route for the transportation of ores and goods coming from the Congo and Zambia.
Most of the population of Huambo is Ovimbundu origin, and founder of Wambo Wambo Kalunga kingdom.
Huambo was the province with the largest population of Angola up before the Colonial War (at the time was called Nova Lisboa), a place that later came to be occupied by the province of Luanda.
Vegetation and Fauna
In its extensive forests abound predominantly medium-sized trees, which feed the timber industry and derivatives, large planting xerophilous trees, with emphasis on eucalyptus, over the railways in more than a thousand kilometers long, many forest perimeters cedar and pine, many flowers of rare beauty, edible plants, medicinal and ornament and berries very appreciated by local people.
The fauna is diverse with an emphasis on large animals such as elephant, hippopotamus, gray rhino, giraffe, the cats like the lion, the jaguar and wild cats, and a number of large antelopes, medium and small size, hares.
Lizards and extremely dangerous reptiles for their greed and poison, such as alligator, snake mamba and Bushmaster, inhabit lakes and rivers. A number of small animals of the family of exotic insects and birds swarming the skies of the province, as tchimbanduas, the famous canary yellow red eye anhara (savannah), the borboletasexóticas, the matrindindes, and historical knowledge we have, Also the appearances waterfalls of grasshoppers swarms of locusts that devour everything in its path.
However, currently, due to the devastation caused by the war these animals no longer exist in the region, only reptiles.