Cabinda is one of 18 provinces of Angola, one enclavelimitado north by the Republic of Congo to the east and south by the Democratic Republic of Congo and west by the Atlantic Ocean.
The capital of the province of Cabinda is the city of Cabinda, also known by the name of Tchiowa.
It has an area of 7283 km² and about 300,000 inhabitants.
The population of Cabinda belongs almost entirely to the Bantu people, specifically the Fiote group whose language, Ibinda, is one of the dialects of Kikongo.
Administratively, the province consists of the municipalities of Cabinda, Cacongo, Buco-Zau and Belize.
Explorers, missionaries and Portuguese traders arrived at the mouth of the Congo river in the middle of the fifteenth century, making contact with the Manicongo (name by which it was called the representative of the powerful Kingdom of Kongo). The Manicongo controlled much of the region through affiliation with minority kingdoms, such as the ngoyo, Luango eKakongo, all located in the current Cabinda.
Over the years, Portuguese colonists, Dutch and English established trading posts, timber harvesting plants and palm oil in Cabinda. The trade continued and the European presence has grown, resulting in conflicts between the rival colonial powers.
Within the framework of the "European race for Africa", Portugal concluded in February 1885, with the heads of these kingdoms, the Treaty of Simulambuco, treaty that would give Cabinda protectorate status of the Portuguese Crown "by permission of the princes and governors of Cabinda" reserving that way the governance rights of the territory.
PAt the Berlin Conference, held in the same year, when both were born the Belgian Congo (former Zaire and now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and oCongo French (ex-Congo Brazzaville and current Republic of Congo), assigning Cabinda to Portugal It was internationally confirmed, adopting the designation Portuguese Congo.
However, as Belgium claimed an outlet to the Atlantic to the Belgian Congo, now constituted as such, he was granted a "corridor" formed by adjacent territories to the Congo River. Thus it was cut the connection to the ground, previously existing between Cabinda and the rest of the Kingdom of Kongo.
Completed by mid 1920, the effective occupation of the territory which is the current Angola, Portugal gave terminate the separate protectorate status, now considering Cabinda as part (with the status of district then from Cologne (later called Province Overseas) of Angola.
By the end of the colonial era, Cabinda produced important contingent of wood and coffee, and lower cocoa and palm oil.
There was even a tour beginning at the coast.
As a result of the conflicts recorded since 1974, these economic activities have come to be reduced to very little.
Agriculture was again essentially subsistence. Lately they advertise themselves lust for an upturn in the field of timber industry.
By contrast, oil extraction flourishes. In 2010 the crude extracted in Cabinda represented about 70% of crude oil exported by Angola.
The climate is tropical humid, with annual rainfall around 800 mm. The average annual temperature varies between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius.